Source code for selenium.webdriver.remote.webdriver

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"""The WebDriver implementation."""
import contextlib
import copy
import types
import typing
from importlib import import_module

import pkgutil

from typing import Dict, List, Optional, Union

import warnings

from abc import ABCMeta
from base64 import b64decode, urlsafe_b64encode
from contextlib import asynccontextmanager, contextmanager

from .bidi_connection import BidiConnection
from .command import Command
from .errorhandler import ErrorHandler
from .file_detector import FileDetector, LocalFileDetector
from .mobile import Mobile
from .remote_connection import RemoteConnection
from .script_key import ScriptKey
from .shadowroot import ShadowRoot
from .switch_to import SwitchTo
from .webelement import WebElement

from selenium.common.exceptions import (InvalidArgumentException,
from import By
from selenium.webdriver.common.options import BaseOptions
from selenium.webdriver.common.print_page_options import PrintOptions
from selenium.webdriver.common.timeouts import Timeouts
from selenium.webdriver.common.html5.application_cache import ApplicationCache
from import RelativeBy
from selenium.webdriver.common.virtual_authenticator import (

_W3C_CAPABILITY_NAMES = frozenset([

    'acceptSslCerts': 'acceptInsecureCerts',
    'version': 'browserVersion',
    'platform': 'platformName'

cdp = None

[docs]def import_cdp(): global cdp if not cdp: cdp = import_module("selenium.webdriver.common.bidi.cdp")
def _make_w3c_caps(caps): """Makes a W3C alwaysMatch capabilities object. Filters out capability names that are not in the W3C spec. Spec-compliant drivers will reject requests containing unknown capability names. Moves the Firefox profile, if present, from the old location to the new Firefox options object. :Args: - caps - A dictionary of capabilities requested by the caller. """ caps = copy.deepcopy(caps) profile = caps.get('firefox_profile') always_match = {} if caps.get('proxy') and caps['proxy'].get('proxyType'): caps['proxy']['proxyType'] = caps['proxy']['proxyType'].lower() for k, v in caps.items(): if v and k in _OSS_W3C_CONVERSION: always_match[_OSS_W3C_CONVERSION[k]] = v.lower() if k == 'platform' else v if k in _W3C_CAPABILITY_NAMES or ':' in k: always_match[k] = v if profile: moz_opts = always_match.get('moz:firefoxOptions', {}) # If it's already present, assume the caller did that intentionally. if 'profile' not in moz_opts: # Don't mutate the original capabilities. new_opts = copy.deepcopy(moz_opts) new_opts['profile'] = profile always_match['moz:firefoxOptions'] = new_opts return {"firstMatch": [{}], "alwaysMatch": always_match}
[docs]def get_remote_connection(capabilities, command_executor, keep_alive, ignore_local_proxy=False): from selenium.webdriver.chromium.remote_connection import ChromiumRemoteConnection from selenium.webdriver.safari.remote_connection import SafariRemoteConnection from selenium.webdriver.firefox.remote_connection import FirefoxRemoteConnection candidates = [RemoteConnection, ChromiumRemoteConnection, SafariRemoteConnection, FirefoxRemoteConnection] handler = next( (c for c in candidates if c.browser_name == capabilities.get('browserName')), RemoteConnection ) return handler(command_executor, keep_alive=keep_alive, ignore_proxy=ignore_local_proxy)
[docs]def create_matches(options: List[BaseOptions]) -> Dict: capabilities = {"capabilities": {}} opts = [] for opt in options: opts.append(opt.to_capabilities()) opts_size = len(opts) samesies = {} # Can not use bitwise operations on the dicts or lists due to # for i in range(opts_size): min_index = i if i + 1 < opts_size: first_keys = opts[min_index].keys() for kys in first_keys: if kys in opts[i + 1].keys(): if opts[min_index][kys] == opts[i + 1][kys]: samesies.update({kys: opts[min_index][kys]}) always = {} for k, v in samesies.items(): always[k] = v for i in opts: for k in always.keys(): del i[k] capabilities["capabilities"]["alwaysMatch"] = always capabilities["capabilities"]["firstMatch"] = opts return capabilities
[docs]class BaseWebDriver(metaclass=ABCMeta): """ Abstract Base Class for all Webdriver subtypes. ABC's allow custom implementations of Webdriver to be registered so that isinstance type checks will succeed. """
[docs]class WebDriver(BaseWebDriver): """ Controls a browser by sending commands to a remote server. This server is expected to be running the WebDriver wire protocol as defined at :Attributes: - session_id - String ID of the browser session started and controlled by this WebDriver. - capabilities - Dictionary of effective capabilities of this browser session as returned by the remote server. See - command_executor - remote_connection.RemoteConnection object used to execute commands. - error_handler - errorhandler.ErrorHandler object used to handle errors. """ _web_element_cls = WebElement _shadowroot_cls = ShadowRoot def __init__(self, command_executor='', desired_capabilities=None, browser_profile=None, proxy=None, keep_alive=True, file_detector=None, options: Union[BaseOptions, List[BaseOptions]] = None): """ Create a new driver that will issue commands using the wire protocol. :Args: - command_executor - Either a string representing URL of the remote server or a custom remote_connection.RemoteConnection object. Defaults to ''. - desired_capabilities - A dictionary of capabilities to request when starting the browser session. Required parameter. - browser_profile - A selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile.FirefoxProfile object. Only used if Firefox is requested. Optional. - proxy - A selenium.webdriver.common.proxy.Proxy object. The browser session will be started with given proxy settings, if possible. Optional. - keep_alive - Whether to configure remote_connection.RemoteConnection to use HTTP keep-alive. Defaults to True. - file_detector - Pass custom file detector object during instantiation. If None, then default LocalFileDetector() will be used. - options - instance of a driver options.Options class """ if desired_capabilities: warnings.warn( "desired_capabilities has been deprecated, please pass in an Options object with options kwarg", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) if browser_profile: warnings.warn( "browser_profile has been deprecated, please pass in an Firefox Options object with options kwarg", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) if proxy: warnings.warn( "proxy has been deprecated, please pass in an Options object with options kwarg", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) if not keep_alive: warnings.warn( "keep_alive has been deprecated. We will be using True as the default value as we start removing it.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) capabilities = {} # If we get a list we can assume that no capabilities # have been passed in if isinstance(options, list): capabilities = create_matches(options) else: _ignore_local_proxy = False if options: capabilities = options.to_capabilities() _ignore_local_proxy = options._ignore_local_proxy if desired_capabilities: if not isinstance(desired_capabilities, dict): raise WebDriverException("Desired Capabilities must be a dictionary") else: capabilities.update(desired_capabilities) self.command_executor = command_executor if isinstance(self.command_executor, (str, bytes)): self.command_executor = get_remote_connection(capabilities, command_executor=command_executor, keep_alive=keep_alive, ignore_local_proxy=_ignore_local_proxy) self._is_remote = True self.session_id = None self.caps = {} self.pinned_scripts = {} self.error_handler = ErrorHandler() self._switch_to = SwitchTo(self) self._mobile = Mobile(self) self.file_detector = file_detector or LocalFileDetector() self._authenticator_id = None self.start_client() self.start_session(capabilities, browser_profile) def __repr__(self): return '<{0.__module__}.{0.__name__} (session="{1}")>'.format( type(self), self.session_id) def __enter__(self): return self def __exit__(self, exc_type: typing.Optional[typing.Type[BaseException]], exc: typing.Optional[BaseException], traceback: typing.Optional[types.TracebackType]): self.quit()
[docs] @contextmanager def file_detector_context(self, file_detector_class, *args, **kwargs): """ Overrides the current file detector (if necessary) in limited context. Ensures the original file detector is set afterwards. Example: with webdriver.file_detector_context(UselessFileDetector): someinput.send_keys('/etc/hosts') :Args: - file_detector_class - Class of the desired file detector. If the class is different from the current file_detector, then the class is instantiated with args and kwargs and used as a file detector during the duration of the context manager. - args - Optional arguments that get passed to the file detector class during instantiation. - kwargs - Keyword arguments, passed the same way as args. """ last_detector = None if not isinstance(self.file_detector, file_detector_class): last_detector = self.file_detector self.file_detector = file_detector_class(*args, **kwargs) try: yield finally: if last_detector: self.file_detector = last_detector
@property def mobile(self) -> Mobile: return self._mobile @property def name(self) -> str: """Returns the name of the underlying browser for this instance. :Usage: :: name = """ if 'browserName' in self.caps: return self.caps['browserName'] else: raise KeyError('browserName not specified in session capabilities')
[docs] def start_client(self): """ Called before starting a new session. This method may be overridden to define custom startup behavior. """ pass
[docs] def stop_client(self): """ Called after executing a quit command. This method may be overridden to define custom shutdown behavior. """ pass
[docs] def start_session(self, capabilities: dict, browser_profile=None) -> None: """ Creates a new session with the desired capabilities. :Args: - capabilities - a capabilities dict to start the session with. - browser_profile - A selenium.webdriver.firefox.firefox_profile.FirefoxProfile object. Only used if Firefox is requested. """ if not isinstance(capabilities, dict): raise InvalidArgumentException("Capabilities must be a dictionary") if browser_profile: if "moz:firefoxOptions" in capabilities: capabilities["moz:firefoxOptions"]["profile"] = browser_profile.encoded else: capabilities.update({'firefox_profile': browser_profile.encoded}) w3c_caps = _make_w3c_caps(capabilities) parameters = {"capabilities": w3c_caps} response = self.execute(Command.NEW_SESSION, parameters) if 'sessionId' not in response: response = response['value'] self.session_id = response['sessionId'] self.caps = response.get('value') # if capabilities is none we are probably speaking to # a W3C endpoint if not self.caps: self.caps = response.get('capabilities')
def _wrap_value(self, value): if isinstance(value, dict): converted = {} for key, val in value.items(): converted[key] = self._wrap_value(val) return converted elif isinstance(value, self._web_element_cls): return {'element-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf':} elif isinstance(value, self._shadowroot_cls): return {'shadow-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf':} elif isinstance(value, list): return list(self._wrap_value(item) for item in value) else: return value
[docs] def create_web_element(self, element_id: str) -> WebElement: """Creates a web element with the specified `element_id`.""" return self._web_element_cls(self, element_id)
def _unwrap_value(self, value): if isinstance(value, dict): if 'element-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf' in value: return self.create_web_element(value['element-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf']) elif 'shadow-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf' in value: return self._shadowroot_cls(self, value['shadow-6066-11e4-a52e-4f735466cecf']) else: for key, val in value.items(): value[key] = self._unwrap_value(val) return value elif isinstance(value, list): return list(self._unwrap_value(item) for item in value) else: return value
[docs] def execute(self, driver_command: str, params: dict = None) -> dict: """ Sends a command to be executed by a command.CommandExecutor. :Args: - driver_command: The name of the command to execute as a string. - params: A dictionary of named parameters to send with the command. :Returns: The command's JSON response loaded into a dictionary object. """ if self.session_id: if not params: params = {'sessionId': self.session_id} elif 'sessionId' not in params: params['sessionId'] = self.session_id params = self._wrap_value(params) response = self.command_executor.execute(driver_command, params) if response: self.error_handler.check_response(response) response['value'] = self._unwrap_value( response.get('value', None)) return response # If the server doesn't send a response, assume the command was # a success return {'success': 0, 'value': None, 'sessionId': self.session_id}
[docs] def get(self, url: str) -> None: """ Loads a web page in the current browser session. """ self.execute(Command.GET, {'url': url})
@property def title(self) -> str: """Returns the title of the current page. :Usage: :: title = driver.title """ return self.execute(Command.GET_TITLE).get("value", "")
[docs] def pin_script(self, script, script_key=None) -> ScriptKey: _script_key = ScriptKey(script_key) self.pinned_scripts[] = script return _script_key
[docs] def unpin(self, script_key) -> None: self.pinned_scripts.pop(
[docs] def get_pinned_scripts(self) -> List[str]: return list(self.pinned_scripts.keys())
[docs] def execute_script(self, script, *args): """ Synchronously Executes JavaScript in the current window/frame. :Args: - script: The JavaScript to execute. - \\*args: Any applicable arguments for your JavaScript. :Usage: :: driver.execute_script('return document.title;') """ if isinstance(script, ScriptKey): try: script = self.pinned_scripts[] except KeyError: raise JavascriptException("Pinned script could not be found") converted_args = list(args) command = Command.W3C_EXECUTE_SCRIPT return self.execute(command, { 'script': script, 'args': converted_args})['value']
[docs] def execute_async_script(self, script: str, *args): """ Asynchronously Executes JavaScript in the current window/frame. :Args: - script: The JavaScript to execute. - \\*args: Any applicable arguments for your JavaScript. :Usage: :: script = "var callback = arguments[arguments.length - 1]; " \\ "window.setTimeout(function(){ callback('timeout') }, 3000);" driver.execute_async_script(script) """ converted_args = list(args) command = Command.W3C_EXECUTE_SCRIPT_ASYNC return self.execute(command, { 'script': script, 'args': converted_args})['value']
@property def current_url(self) -> str: """ Gets the URL of the current page. :Usage: :: driver.current_url """ return self.execute(Command.GET_CURRENT_URL)['value'] @property def page_source(self) -> str: """ Gets the source of the current page. :Usage: :: driver.page_source """ return self.execute(Command.GET_PAGE_SOURCE)['value']
[docs] def close(self) -> None: """ Closes the current window. :Usage: :: driver.close() """ self.execute(Command.CLOSE)
[docs] def quit(self) -> None: """ Quits the driver and closes every associated window. :Usage: :: driver.quit() """ try: self.execute(Command.QUIT) finally: self.stop_client() self.command_executor.close()
@property def current_window_handle(self) -> str: """ Returns the handle of the current window. :Usage: :: driver.current_window_handle """ return self.execute(Command.W3C_GET_CURRENT_WINDOW_HANDLE)['value'] @property def window_handles(self) -> List[str]: """ Returns the handles of all windows within the current session. :Usage: :: driver.window_handles """ return self.execute(Command.W3C_GET_WINDOW_HANDLES)['value']
[docs] def maximize_window(self) -> None: """ Maximizes the current window that webdriver is using """ command = Command.W3C_MAXIMIZE_WINDOW self.execute(command, None)
[docs] def fullscreen_window(self) -> None: """ Invokes the window manager-specific 'full screen' operation """ self.execute(Command.FULLSCREEN_WINDOW)
[docs] def minimize_window(self) -> None: """ Invokes the window manager-specific 'minimize' operation """ self.execute(Command.MINIMIZE_WINDOW)
[docs] def print_page(self, print_options: Optional[PrintOptions] = None) -> str: """ Takes PDF of the current page. The driver makes a best effort to return a PDF based on the provided parameters. """ options = {} if print_options: options = print_options.to_dict() return self.execute(Command.PRINT_PAGE, options)['value']
@property def switch_to(self) -> SwitchTo: """ :Returns: - SwitchTo: an object containing all options to switch focus into :Usage: :: element = driver.switch_to.active_element alert = driver.switch_to.alert driver.switch_to.default_content() driver.switch_to.frame('frame_name') driver.switch_to.frame(1) driver.switch_to.frame(driver.find_elements_by_tag_name("iframe")[0]) driver.switch_to.parent_frame() driver.switch_to.window('main') """ return self._switch_to # Navigation
[docs] def back(self) -> None: """ Goes one step backward in the browser history. :Usage: :: driver.back() """ self.execute(Command.GO_BACK)
[docs] def forward(self) -> None: """ Goes one step forward in the browser history. :Usage: :: driver.forward() """ self.execute(Command.GO_FORWARD)
[docs] def refresh(self) -> None: """ Refreshes the current page. :Usage: :: driver.refresh() """ self.execute(Command.REFRESH)
# Options
[docs] def get_cookies(self) -> List[dict]: """ Returns a set of dictionaries, corresponding to cookies visible in the current session. :Usage: :: driver.get_cookies() """ return self.execute(Command.GET_ALL_COOKIES)['value']
[docs] def delete_all_cookies(self) -> None: """ Delete all cookies in the scope of the session. :Usage: :: driver.delete_all_cookies() """ self.execute(Command.DELETE_ALL_COOKIES)
# Timeouts
[docs] def implicitly_wait(self, time_to_wait) -> None: """ Sets a sticky timeout to implicitly wait for an element to be found, or a command to complete. This method only needs to be called one time per session. To set the timeout for calls to execute_async_script, see set_script_timeout. :Args: - time_to_wait: Amount of time to wait (in seconds) :Usage: :: driver.implicitly_wait(30) """ self.execute(Command.SET_TIMEOUTS, { 'implicit': int(float(time_to_wait) * 1000)})
[docs] def set_script_timeout(self, time_to_wait) -> None: """ Set the amount of time that the script should wait during an execute_async_script call before throwing an error. :Args: - time_to_wait: The amount of time to wait (in seconds) :Usage: :: driver.set_script_timeout(30) """ self.execute(Command.SET_TIMEOUTS, { 'script': int(float(time_to_wait) * 1000)})
[docs] def set_page_load_timeout(self, time_to_wait) -> None: """ Set the amount of time to wait for a page load to complete before throwing an error. :Args: - time_to_wait: The amount of time to wait :Usage: :: driver.set_page_load_timeout(30) """ try: self.execute(Command.SET_TIMEOUTS, { 'pageLoad': int(float(time_to_wait) * 1000)}) except WebDriverException: self.execute(Command.SET_TIMEOUTS, { 'ms': float(time_to_wait) * 1000, 'type': 'page load'})
@property def timeouts(self) -> Timeouts: """ Get all the timeouts that have been set on the current session :Usage: :: driver.timeouts :rtype: Timeout """ timeouts = self.execute(Command.GET_TIMEOUTS)['value'] timeouts["implicit_wait"] = timeouts.pop("implicit") / 1000 timeouts["page_load"] = timeouts.pop("pageLoad") / 1000 timeouts["script"] = timeouts.pop("script") / 1000 return Timeouts(**timeouts) @timeouts.setter def timeouts(self, timeouts) -> None: """ Set all timeouts for the session. This will override any previously set timeouts. :Usage: :: my_timeouts = Timeouts() my_timeouts.implicit_wait = 10 driver.timeouts = my_timeouts """ self.execute(Command.SET_TIMEOUTS, timeouts._to_json())['value']
[docs] def find_element(self, by=By.ID, value=None) -> WebElement: """ Find an element given a By strategy and locator. :Usage: :: element = driver.find_element(By.ID, 'foo') :rtype: WebElement """ if isinstance(by, RelativeBy): elements = self.find_elements(by=by, value=value) if not elements: raise NoSuchElementException(f"Cannot locate relative element with: {by.root}") return elements[0] if by == By.ID: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = '[id="%s"]' % value elif by == By.CLASS_NAME: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = ".%s" % value elif by == By.NAME: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = '[name="%s"]' % value return self.execute(Command.FIND_ELEMENT, { 'using': by, 'value': value})['value']
[docs] def find_elements(self, by=By.ID, value=None) -> List[WebElement]: """ Find elements given a By strategy and locator. :Usage: :: elements = driver.find_elements(By.CLASS_NAME, 'foo') :rtype: list of WebElement """ if isinstance(by, RelativeBy): _pkg = '.'.join(__name__.split('.')[:-1]) raw_function = pkgutil.get_data(_pkg, 'findElements.js').decode('utf8') find_element_js = f"return ({raw_function}).apply(null, arguments);" return self.execute_script(find_element_js, by.to_dict()) if by == By.ID: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = '[id="%s"]' % value elif by == By.CLASS_NAME: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = ".%s" % value elif by == By.NAME: by = By.CSS_SELECTOR value = '[name="%s"]' % value # Return empty list if driver returns null # See return self.execute(Command.FIND_ELEMENTS, { 'using': by, 'value': value})['value'] or []
@property def desired_capabilities(self) -> dict: """ returns the drivers current desired capabilities being used """ warnings.warn("desired_capabilities is deprecated. Please call capabilities.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) return self.caps @property def capabilities(self) -> dict: """ returns the drivers current capabilities being used. """ return self.caps
[docs] def get_screenshot_as_file(self, filename) -> bool: """ Saves a screenshot of the current window to a PNG image file. Returns False if there is any IOError, else returns True. Use full paths in your filename. :Args: - filename: The full path you wish to save your screenshot to. This should end with a `.png` extension. :Usage: :: driver.get_screenshot_as_file('/Screenshots/foo.png') """ if not filename.lower().endswith('.png'): warnings.warn("name used for saved screenshot does not match file " "type. It should end with a `.png` extension", UserWarning) png = self.get_screenshot_as_png() try: with open(filename, 'wb') as f: f.write(png) except OSError: return False finally: del png return True
[docs] def save_screenshot(self, filename) -> bool: """ Saves a screenshot of the current window to a PNG image file. Returns False if there is any IOError, else returns True. Use full paths in your filename. :Args: - filename: The full path you wish to save your screenshot to. This should end with a `.png` extension. :Usage: :: driver.save_screenshot('/Screenshots/foo.png') """ return self.get_screenshot_as_file(filename)
[docs] def get_screenshot_as_png(self) -> bytes: """ Gets the screenshot of the current window as a binary data. :Usage: :: driver.get_screenshot_as_png() """ return b64decode(self.get_screenshot_as_base64().encode('ascii'))
[docs] def get_screenshot_as_base64(self) -> str: """ Gets the screenshot of the current window as a base64 encoded string which is useful in embedded images in HTML. :Usage: :: driver.get_screenshot_as_base64() """ return self.execute(Command.SCREENSHOT)['value']
[docs] def set_window_size(self, width, height, windowHandle: str = 'current') -> None: """ Sets the width and height of the current window. (window.resizeTo) :Args: - width: the width in pixels to set the window to - height: the height in pixels to set the window to :Usage: :: driver.set_window_size(800,600) """ if windowHandle != 'current': warnings.warn("Only 'current' window is supported for W3C compatible browsers.") self.set_window_rect(width=int(width), height=int(height))
[docs] def get_window_size(self, windowHandle: str = 'current') -> dict: """ Gets the width and height of the current window. :Usage: :: driver.get_window_size() """ if windowHandle != 'current': warnings.warn("Only 'current' window is supported for W3C compatible browsers.") size = self.get_window_rect() if size.get('value', None): size = size['value'] return {k: size[k] for k in ('width', 'height')}
[docs] def set_window_position(self, x, y, windowHandle: str = 'current') -> dict: """ Sets the x,y position of the current window. (window.moveTo) :Args: - x: the x-coordinate in pixels to set the window position - y: the y-coordinate in pixels to set the window position :Usage: :: driver.set_window_position(0,0) """ if windowHandle != 'current': warnings.warn("Only 'current' window is supported for W3C compatible browsers.") return self.set_window_rect(x=int(x), y=int(y))
[docs] def get_window_position(self, windowHandle='current') -> dict: """ Gets the x,y position of the current window. :Usage: :: driver.get_window_position() """ if windowHandle != 'current': warnings.warn("Only 'current' window is supported for W3C compatible browsers.") position = self.get_window_rect() return {k: position[k] for k in ('x', 'y')}
[docs] def get_window_rect(self) -> dict: """ Gets the x, y coordinates of the window as well as height and width of the current window. :Usage: :: driver.get_window_rect() """ return self.execute(Command.GET_WINDOW_RECT)['value']
[docs] def set_window_rect(self, x=None, y=None, width=None, height=None) -> dict: """ Sets the x, y coordinates of the window as well as height and width of the current window. This method is only supported for W3C compatible browsers; other browsers should use `set_window_position` and `set_window_size`. :Usage: :: driver.set_window_rect(x=10, y=10) driver.set_window_rect(width=100, height=200) driver.set_window_rect(x=10, y=10, width=100, height=200) """ if (x is None and y is None) and (not height and not width): raise InvalidArgumentException("x and y or height and width need values") return self.execute(Command.SET_WINDOW_RECT, {"x": x, "y": y, "width": width, "height": height})['value']
@property def file_detector(self) -> FileDetector: return self._file_detector @file_detector.setter def file_detector(self, detector): """ Set the file detector to be used when sending keyboard input. By default, this is set to a file detector that does nothing. see FileDetector see LocalFileDetector see UselessFileDetector :Args: - detector: The detector to use. Must not be None. """ if not detector: raise WebDriverException("You may not set a file detector that is null") if not isinstance(detector, FileDetector): raise WebDriverException("Detector has to be instance of FileDetector") self._file_detector = detector @property def orientation(self): """ Gets the current orientation of the device :Usage: :: orientation = driver.orientation """ return self.execute(Command.GET_SCREEN_ORIENTATION)['value'] @orientation.setter def orientation(self, value): """ Sets the current orientation of the device :Args: - value: orientation to set it to. :Usage: :: driver.orientation = 'landscape' """ allowed_values = ['LANDSCAPE', 'PORTRAIT'] if value.upper() in allowed_values: self.execute(Command.SET_SCREEN_ORIENTATION, {'orientation': value}) else: raise WebDriverException("You can only set the orientation to 'LANDSCAPE' and 'PORTRAIT'") @property def application_cache(self): """ Returns a ApplicationCache Object to interact with the browser app cache""" return ApplicationCache(self) @property def log_types(self): """ Gets a list of the available log types. This only works with w3c compliant browsers. :Usage: :: driver.log_types """ return self.execute(Command.GET_AVAILABLE_LOG_TYPES)['value']
[docs] def get_log(self, log_type): """ Gets the log for a given log type :Args: - log_type: type of log that which will be returned :Usage: :: driver.get_log('browser') driver.get_log('driver') driver.get_log('client') driver.get_log('server') """ return self.execute(Command.GET_LOG, {'type': log_type})['value']
[docs] @asynccontextmanager async def bidi_connection(self): global cdp import_cdp() if self.caps.get("se:cdp"): ws_url = self.caps.get("se:cdp") version = self.caps.get("se:cdpVersion").split(".")[0] else: version, ws_url = self._get_cdp_details() if not ws_url: raise WebDriverException("Unable to find url to connect to from capabilities") devtools = cdp.import_devtools(version) async with cdp.open_cdp(ws_url) as conn: targets = await conn.execute( target_id = targets[0].target_id async with conn.open_session(target_id) as session: yield BidiConnection(session, cdp, devtools)
def _get_cdp_details(self): import json import urllib3 http = urllib3.PoolManager() _firefox = False if self.caps.get("browserName") == "chrome": debugger_address = self.caps.get(f"{self.vendor_prefix}:{self.caps.get('browserName')}Options").get("debuggerAddress") else: _firefox = True debugger_address = self.caps.get("moz:debuggerAddress") res = http.request('GET', f"http://{debugger_address}/json/version") data = json.loads( browser_version = data.get("Browser") websocket_url = data.get("webSocketDebuggerUrl") import re if _firefox: # Mozilla Automation Team asked to only support 85 # until WebDriver Bidi is available. version = 85 else: version =".*/(\d+)\.", browser_version).group(1) return version, websocket_url # Virtual Authenticator Methods
[docs] def add_virtual_authenticator(self, options: VirtualAuthenticatorOptions) -> None: """ Adds a virtual authenticator with the given options. """ self._authenticator_id = self.execute(Command.ADD_VIRTUAL_AUTHENTICATOR, options.to_dict())['value']
@property def virtual_authenticator_id(self) -> str: """ Returns the id of the virtual authenticator. """ return self._authenticator_id
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def remove_virtual_authenticator(self) -> None: """ Removes a previously added virtual authenticator. The authenticator is no longer valid after removal, so no methods may be called. """ self.execute(Command.REMOVE_VIRTUAL_AUTHENTICATOR, {'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id}) self._authenticator_id = None
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def add_credential(self, credential: Credential) -> None: """ Injects a credential into the authenticator. """ self.execute( Command.ADD_CREDENTIAL, {**credential.to_dict(), 'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id} )
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def get_credentials(self) -> List[Credential]: """ Returns the list of credentials owned by the authenticator. """ credential_data = self.execute(Command.GET_CREDENTIALS, {'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id}) return [Credential.from_dict(credential) for credential in credential_data['value']]
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def remove_credential(self, credential_id: Union[str, bytearray]) -> None: """ Removes a credential from the authenticator. """ # Check if the credential is bytearray converted to b64 string if type(credential_id) is bytearray: credential_id = urlsafe_b64encode(credential_id).decode() self.execute( Command.REMOVE_CREDENTIAL, {'credentialId': credential_id, 'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id} )
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def remove_all_credentials(self) -> None: """ Removes all credentials from the authenticator. """ self.execute(Command.REMOVE_ALL_CREDENTIALS, {'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id})
[docs] @required_virtual_authenticator def set_user_verified(self, verified: bool) -> None: """ Sets whether the authenticator will simulate success or fail on user verification. verified: True if the authenticator will pass user verification, False otherwise. """ self.execute( Command.SET_USER_VERIFIED, {'authenticatorId': self._authenticator_id, 'isUserVerified': verified} )