Information about web elements

What you can learn about an element.

There are a number of details you can query about a specific element.

Is Displayed

This method is used to check if the connected Element is displayed on a webpage. Returns a Boolean value, True if the connected element is displayed in the current browsing context else returns false.

This functionality is mentioned in, but not defined by the w3c specification due to the impossibility of covering all potential conditions. As such, Selenium cannot expect drivers to implement this functionality directly, and now relies on executing a large JavaScript function directly. This function makes many approximations about an element’s nature and relationship in the tree to return a value.

// Navigate to the url
driver.get('https://www.google.com');

// Get boolean value for is element display
boolean isButtonVisible = driver.findElement(By.css("[name='login']")).isDisplayed();
# Navigate to the url
driver.get("https://www.google.com")

# Get boolean value for is element display
is_button_visible = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "[name='login']").is_displayed()
// Help us with a PR for code sample
# Help us with a PR for code sample
// Navigate to url
await driver.get('https://www.google.com');

// Resolves Promise and returns boolean value
let result =  await driver.findElement(By.css("[name='btnK']")).isDisplayed();
// Help us with a PR for code sample

Is Enabled

This method is used to check if the connected Element is enabled or disabled on a webpage. Returns a boolean value, True if the connected element is enabled in the current browsing context else returns false.

  //navigates to url
  driver.get("https://www.google.com/");

  //returns true if element is enabled else returns false
  boolean value = driver.findElement(By.name("btnK")).isEnabled();
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get("http://www.google.com")

    # Returns true if element is enabled else returns false
value = driver.find_element(By.NAME, 'btnK').is_enabled()
  
// Navigate to Url
driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://google.com");

// Store the WebElement
IWebElement element = driver.FindElement(By.Name("btnK"));

// Prints true if element is enabled else returns false
System.Console.WriteLine(element.Enabled);
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get 'http://www.google.com/'

    # Returns true if element is enabled else returns false
ele = driver.find_element(name: 'btnK').enabled?
  
// Navigate to url
await driver.get('https://www.google.com');

// Resolves Promise and returns boolean value
let element =  await driver.findElement(By.name("btnK")).isEnabled();
  
 //navigates to url
 driver.get("https://www.google.com/")

 //returns true if element is enabled else returns false
 val attr = driver.findElement(By.name("btnK")).isEnabled()
  

Is Selected

This method determines if the referenced Element is Selected or not. This method is widely used on Check boxes, radio buttons, input elements, and option elements.

Returns a boolean value, True if referenced element is selected in the current browsing context else returns false.

 //navigates to url
 driver.get("https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes");

 //returns true if element is checked else returns false
 boolean value = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("input[type='checkbox']:first-of-type")).isSelected();
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get("https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes")

    # Returns true if element is checked else returns false
value = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "input[type='checkbox']:first-of-type").is_selected()
  
// Navigate to Url
driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes");

// Returns true if element ins checked else returns false
bool value = driver.FindElement(By.CssSelector("input[type='checkbox']:last-of-type")).Selected;
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get 'https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes'

    # Returns true if element is checked else returns false
ele = driver.find_element(css: "input[type='checkbox']:last-of-type").selected?
  
// Navigate to url
await driver.get('https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes');

// Returns true if element ins checked else returns false
let res = await driver.findElement(By.css("input[type='checkbox']:last-of-type")).isSelected();
  
 //navigates to url
 driver.get("https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/checkboxes")

 //returns true if element is checked else returns false
 val attr =  driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("input[type='checkbox']:first-of-type")).isSelected()
  

Tag Name

It is used to fetch the TagName of the referenced Element which has the focus in the current browsing context.

 //navigates to url
 driver.get("https://www.example.com");

 //returns TagName of the element
 String value = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).getTagName();
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

    # Returns TagName of the element
attr = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "h1").tag_name
  
// Navigate to Url
driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://www.example.com");

// Returns TagName of the element
string attr = driver.FindElement(By.CssSelector("h1")).TagName;
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get 'https://www.example.com'

    # Returns TagName of the element
attr = driver.find_element(css: "h1").tag_name
  
// Navigate to URL
await driver.get('https://www.example.com');

// Returns TagName of the element
let value = await driver.findElement(By.css('h1')).getTagName();
  
 //navigates to url
 driver.get("https://www.example.com")

 //returns TagName of the element
 val attr =  driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).getTagName()
  

Size and Position

It is used to fetch the dimensions and coordinates of the referenced element.

The fetched data body contain the following details:

  • X-axis position from the top-left corner of the element
  • y-axis position from the top-left corner of the element
  • Height of the element
  • Width of the element
// Navigate to url
driver.get("https://www.example.com");

// Returns height, width, x and y coordinates referenced element
Rectangle res =  driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).getRect();

// Rectangle class provides getX,getY, getWidth, getHeight methods
System.out.println(res.getX());
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

    # Returns height, width, x and y coordinates referenced element
res = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "h1").rect
  
// Navigate to Url
driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://example.com");

var res = driver.FindElement(By.CssSelector("h1"));
// Return x and y coordinates referenced element
System.Console.WriteLine(res.Location);
// Returns height, width
System.Console.WriteLine(res.Size);
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get 'https://www.example.com'

    # Returns height, width, x and y coordinates referenced element
res = driver.find_element(css: "h1").rect
  
// Navigate to url
await driver.get('https://www.example.com');

// Returns height, width, x and y coordinates referenced element
let element =  await driver.findElement(By.css("h1")).getRect();
  
// Navigate to url
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

// Returns height, width, x and y coordinates referenced element
val res = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).rect

// Rectangle class provides getX,getY, getWidth, getHeight methods
println(res.getX())
  

Get CSS Value

Retrieves the value of specified computed style property of an element in the current browsing context.

// Navigate to Url
driver.get("https://www.example.com");

// Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
String cssValue = driver.findElement(By.linkText("More information...")).getCssValue("color");

  
    # Navigate to Url
driver.get('https://www.example.com')

    # Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
cssValue = driver.findElement(By.LINK_TEXT, "More information...").value_of_css_property('color')

  
// Navigate to Url
driver.Navigate().GoToUrl("https://www.example.com");

// Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
String cssValue = driver.FindElement(By.LinkText("More information...")).GetCssValue("color");

  
    # Navigate to Url
driver.get 'https://www.example.com'

    # Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
cssValue = driver.find_element(:link_text, 'More information...').css_value('color')

  
// Navigate to Url
await driver.get('https://www.example.com');

// Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
let cssValue = await driver.findElement(By.linkText("More information...")).getCssValue('color');

    
// Navigate to Url
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

// Retrieves the computed style property 'color' of linktext
val cssValue = driver.findElement(By.linkText("More information...")).getCssValue("color")

  

Text Content

Retrieves the rendered text of the specified element.

// Navigate to url
driver.get("https://example.com");

// Retrieves the text of the element
String text = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).getText();
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

    # Retrieves the text of the element
text = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "h1").text
  
// Navigate to url
driver.Url="https://example.com";

// Retrieves the text of the element
String text = driver.FindElement(By.CssSelector("h1")).Text;
  
    # Navigate to url
driver.get 'https://www.example.com'

    # Retrieves the text of the element
text = driver.find_element(:css, 'h1').text
  
// Navigate to URL
await driver.get('http://www.example.com');

// retrieves the text of the element
let text = await driver.findElement(By.css('h1')).getText();
    
// Navigate to URL
driver.get("https://www.example.com")

// retrieves the text of the element
val text = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("h1")).getText()
  

Attributes and Properties

Attribute

DOM Attribute

DOM Property