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About this documentation

These docs, like the code itself, are maintained 100% by volunteers within the Selenium community. Many have been using it since its inception, but many more have only been using it for a short while, and have given their time to help improve the onboarding experience for new users.

If there is an issue with the documentation, we want to know! The best way to communicate an issue is to visit https://github.com/seleniumhq/seleniumhq.github.io/issues and search to see whether or not the issue has been filed already. If not, feel free to open one!

Many members of the community are present at the #selenium Libera chat at Libera.chat. Feel free to drop in and ask questions and if you get help which you think could be of use within these documents, be sure to add your contribution! We can update these documents, but it is much easier for everyone when we get contributions from outside the normal committers.

1 - Copyright and attributions

Copyright, contributions and all attributions for the different projects under the Selenium umbrella.

The Documentation of Selenium

Every effort has been made to make this documentation as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information provided is on an “as-is” basis. The authors and the publisher shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss or damages arising from the information contained in this book. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.

Attributions

Selenium Main Repository

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Selenium IDE

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Docker Selenium

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Selenium Website & Docs

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Previous Selenium Website

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Previous Documentation Rewrite Project

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Third-Party software used by Selenium documentation project:

SoftwareVersionLicense
Hugov0.83.1Apache 2.0
DocsyApache 2.0

License

All code and documentation originating from the Selenium project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license, with the Software Freedom Conservancy as the copyright holder.

The license is included here for convenience, but you can also find it on the Apache Foundation’s websites:

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2 - Contributing to the Selenium Site & Documentation

Selenium is a big software project, its site and documentation are key to understanding how things work and learning effective ways to exploit its potential.

This project contains both Selenium’s site and documentation. This is an ongoing effort (not targeted at any specific release) to provide updated information on how to use Selenium effectively, how to get involved and how to contribute to Selenium.

Contributions toward the site and docs follow the process described in the below section about contributions.


The Selenium project welcomes contributions from everyone. There are a number of ways you can help:

Report an issue

When reporting a new issues or commenting on existing issues please make sure discussions are related to concrete technical issues with the Selenium software, its site and/or documentation.

All of the Selenium components change quite fast over time, so this might cause the documentation to be out of date. If you find this to be the case, as mentioned, don’t hesitate to create an issue for that. It also might be possible that you know how to bring up to date the documentation, so please send us a pull request with the related changes.

If you are not sure about what you have found is an issue or not, please ask through the communication channels described at https://selenium.dev/support.

Contributions

The Selenium project welcomes new contributors. Individuals making significant and valuable contributions over time are made Committers and given commit-access to the project.

This guide will guide you through the contribution process.

Step 1: Fork

Fork the project on Github and check out your copy locally.

% git clone git@github.com:seleniumhq/seleniumhq.github.io.git
% cd seleniumhq.github.io

Dependencies: Hugo

We use Hugo and the Docsy theme to build and render the site. You will need the “extended” Sass/SCSS version of the Hugo binary to work on this site. We recommend to use Hugo 0.83.1 or higher.

Please follow the Install Hugo instructions from Docsy.

Step 2: Branch

Create a feature branch and start hacking:

% git checkout -b my-feature-branch

We practice HEAD-based development, which means all changes are applied directly on top of dev.

Step 3: Make changes

The repository contains the site and docs. Before jumping into making changes, please initialize the submodules and install the needed dependencies (see commands below). To make changes to the site, work on the website_and_docs directory. To see a live preview of your changes, run hugo server on the site’s root directory.

% git submodule update --init --recursive
% cd website_and_docs
% npm install
% hugo server

Capitalisation of titles

One should avoid title capitalisation, such as A Very Fine Heading, and instead go for A very fine heading. Gratuitous capitalisation, or title case, often show a misunderstanding of – or a disregard for – orthographic conventions. We prefer what is known as sentence case, with a single initial capital to start headers.

Line length

When editing the documentation’s source, which is written in plain HTML, limit your line lengths to around 72 characters.

Some of us take this one step further and use what is called semantic linefeeds, which is a technique whereby the HTML source lines, which are not read by the public, are split at ‘natural breaks’ in the prose. In other words, sentences are split at natural breaks between clauses. Instead of fussing with the lines of each paragraph so that they all end near the right margin, linefeeds can be added anywhere that there is a break between ideas.

This can make diffs very easy to read when collaborating through git, but it is not something we enforce contributors to use.

Translations

The docs are translated into several languages, and translations are based on the English content. When you are changing a file, be sure to make your changes in all the other translated files as well. This might differ depending on the change, for example:

  • If you add a code example to the browser_manipulation.en.md file, also add it to browser_manipulation.es.md, browser_manipulation.ef.md, browser_manipulation.ja.md, and all other translated files.
  • If you find a translation that can be improved, only change the translated file.
  • If you are adding a new language translation, add the new files with the appropriate suffix. There is no need to have everything translated to submit a PR, it can be done iteratively. Don’t forget to check some needed configuration values in the config.toml file.
  • If you make text changes in the English version, replace the same section in the translated files with your change (yes, in English), and add the following notice at the top of the file.
{{% pageinfo color="warning" %}}
<p class="lead">
   <i class="fas fa-language display-4"></i> 
   Page being translated from 
   English to {LANGUAGE}. Do you speak {LANGUAGE}? Help us to translate
   it by sending us pull requests!
</p>
{{% /pageinfo %}}

Step 4: Commit

First make sure git knows your name and email address:

% git config --global user.name 'Santa Claus'
% git config --global user.email 'santa@example.com'

Writing good commit messages is important. A commit message should describe what changed, why, and reference issues fixed (if any). Follow these guidelines when writing one:

  1. The first line should be around 50 characters or less and contain a short description of the change.
  2. Keep the second line blank.
  3. Wrap all other lines at 72 columns.
  4. Include Fixes #N, where N is the issue number the commit fixes, if any.

A good commit message can look like this:

explain commit normatively in one line

Body of commit message is a few lines of text, explaining things
in more detail, possibly giving some background about the issue
being fixed, etc.

The body of the commit message can be several paragraphs, and
please do proper word-wrap and keep columns shorter than about
72 characters or so. That way `git log` will show things
nicely even when it is indented.

Fixes #141

The first line must be meaningful as it’s what people see when they run git shortlog or git log --oneline.

Step 5: Rebase

Use git rebase (not git merge) to sync your work from time to time.

% git fetch upstream
% git rebase upstream/trunk

Step 6: Test

Always remember to run the local server, with this you can be sure that your changes have not broken anything.

Step 7: Push

% git push origin my-feature-branch

Go to https://github.com/yourusername/seleniumhq.github.io.git and press the Pull Request and fill out the form. Please indicate that you’ve signed the CLA (see Step 7).

Pull requests are usually reviewed within a few days. If there are comments to address, apply your changes in new commits (preferably fixups) and push to the same branch.

Step 8: Integration

When code review is complete, a committer will take your PR and integrate it on the repository’s trunk branch. Because we like to keep a linear history on the trunk branch, we will normally squash and rebase your branch history.

Communication

All details on how to communicate with the project contributors and the community overall can be found at https://selenium.dev/support